The word meditation is in itself a fascinating study of the origins and evolution of human language. The word is based on Media - an ancient culture of which little is known. The inhabitants of Media, known as the Medes, and their Persian neighbours lived in a region comprising part of the present-day Iran. They spoke Indo-Iranian languages. These people practiced a polytheistic religion and were governed by a powerful priestly class known as the Magi - the wise ones.

It would appear that the principle faculty of the people of Media was to mediate; for beginning around 835 B.C. the Median tribes becase subject intermittently to the kings of Assyria and Persia. But even though politically subservient, the Medes managed to concilliate in such a way that their Persian conquerers regarded them as equals, and subsequently these two peoples were considered as one.

In determining the root in a modern dictionary, we find it is closely connected with the words medicate, to heal by the application of a medicament; mediate, to be in an intermediate or concillatory position; and to medio, to be in the middle.

The dictionary offers quite a variety of suggestions to explain meditation: to think about, reflect, contemplate, ponder, muse, plan, intend, purpose; to think deeply and continuously; solemn reflection on sacred matters as a devotional act, none of which descriptions really fits the concept. However, "thinking" in the normal conscious sense, is in no way involved in meditation. In metaphysics the term is usually defined as that process by which the lower and higher aspects of self may unite and gradually become integrated into a single operational unit.

Media \Me"di*a\, n., pl. of {Medium}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
Media \Me"di*a\, n.; pl. {Medi[ae]} (-[=e]). [NL., fr. L. medius middle.] (Phonetics) One of the sonant mutes [beta], [delta], [gamma] (b, d, g), in Greek, or of their equivalents in other languages, so named as intermediate between the tenues, [pi], [tau], [kappa] (p, t, k), and the aspirat[ae] (aspirates) [phi], [theta], [chi] (ph or f, th, ch). Also called {middle mute}, or {medial}, and sometimes {soft mute}.

Medium \Me"di*um\, n.; pl. L. {Media}, {E}. {Mediums}. [L. medium the middle, fr. medius middle. See {Mid}, and cf. {Medius}.] 1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically: (a) Middle place or degree; mean. The just medium . . . lies between pride and abjection. (b) (Math.) See {Mean}. (c) (Logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection.

2. A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound. Hence: The condition upon which any event or action occurs; necessary means of motion or action; that through or by which anything is accomplished, conveyed, or carried on; specifically, in animal magnetism, spiritualism, etc., a person through whom the action of another being is said to be manifested and transmitted.

I must bring together All these extremes; and must remove all mediums.

3. An average. [R.]

4. A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See {Paper}.

5. (Paint.) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application... {Circulating medium}, a current medium of exchange, whether coin, bank notes, or government notes... {Ethereal medium} (Physics), the ether... {Medium of exchange}, that which is used for effecting an exchange of commodities -- money or current representatives of money.

From WordNet (r) 1.7 (wn)
media n : transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public [syn: {mass media}] Media, IL (village, FIPS 48073) Location: 40.77266 N, 90.83396 W Population (1990): 146 (56 housing units) Area: 4.4 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 61460 Media, PA (borough, FIPS 48480) Location: 39.91953 N, 75.38884 W Population (1990): 5957 (3023 housing units) Area: 1.9 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
Media Heb. Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Gen. 10:2; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; (3) "Media," Esther 1:3; 10:2; Isa. 21:2; Dan. 8:20; (4) "Mede," only in Dan. 11:1. We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in the Mesopotamian valley. They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings 17:6). From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). This monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh (B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nah. 1:8; 2:5,6; 3:13, 14). Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom. It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C. 558). The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of Samaria (2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). Soon afterwards Isaiah (13:17; 21:2) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction of Babylon (comp. Jer. 51:11, 28). Daniel gives an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus (Dan. 6:1-28). The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture.

From Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary (late 1800's): Media, measure; habit; covering

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